Campus: San Francisco State University -- November 19, 2003
SFSU Pumps Nearly $1.2 Billion into Bay Area Economy
Economic impact analysis reports campus' financial
San Francisco State University and its students contributed nearly
$1.2 billion to the San Francisco Bay Area economy and supported about
15,150 Bay Area jobs in fiscal year 2002-03 through direct and indirect
spending, according to a recent economic impact analysis.
Prepared by SFSU associate professor of economics Michael J. Potepan,
the economic impact report also states that the recent $9.4 million
budget cut resulting from California's fiscal crisis will reduce the
University's direct and indirect economic contributions in the current
fiscal year by almost $30 million and could result in the loss of nearly
390 off-campus Bay Area jobs.
San Francisco State's impact extends far beyond the educational and
research programs it provides,said Potepan. This report clearly shows
the broader economic and social benefits that the University brings
to the city and the Bay Area.
SFSU is a major economic force in the Bay Area. For every dollar received
from California's General Fund, the University returns $3.82 back to
the local and state economy.
With 28,128 students, SFSU ranked third in Bay Area university student
enrollment and is the city's 23rd largest employer, according to annual
rankings compiled by the San Francisco Business Times. In 2002-03, the
University and its auxiliaries employed 3,490 people (including faculty)
and awarded baccalaureate degrees to 4,708 students, and master's degrees
to 1,298 students.
Most of the campusmore than 150,000 living alumni have settled in the
Bay Area. The report notes that as graduates enter or re-enter the local
workforce, their contributions over time easily dwarf the Universitys
The report explains that the University's impact on the region ripples
beyond its direct spending, resulting in additional purchases -- termed
indirect spending--elsewhere in the local economy.
During 2002-03, the University accounted for more than $341 million
in direct spending. Of that sum, $165 million (48 percent) was for employee
salaries and benefits, $145 million (42 percent) was for purchases of
goods and services from Bay Area businesses and the remainder was for
financial aid to students.
SFSU students pumped an extra $387 million (excluding student fees,
books and supplies counted in the University's revenue) into the economy
through their direct expenditures for goods and services.
Adding the $387 million in student purchases to the University's $320
million in direct expenditures (revenue from student financial aid was
removed to avoid double-counting) brings the total direct spending to
$707 million. This direct spending generated another $458 million in
indirect expenditures throughout the region, making the grand total
amount of Bay Area economic activity equal to $1.166 billion or nearly
Direct and indirect spending by the University and students supported
an additional 11,662 jobs throughout the region beyond the 3,490 already
employed by the University, for a total of 15,150.
SFSU attracted nearly $50 million in externally sponsored research,
scholarly activities and community projects, a 270 percent increase
in funding since 1992-93. According to the University's Office of Research
and Sponsored Programs in fiscal year 2002-03, approximately 520 students,
37 lecturers, 20 postdoctoral researchers and 375 hourly and salaried
staff were employed by external funds.
Among some of the other significant findings of the report:
- Since 1990, SFSU has spent almost $250 million on construction
of new buildings and renovation and retrofitting of existing buildings.
This translates to an average annual capital spending level of more
than $19 million. Currently, the University's two largest capital
spending projects have a multi-year budget of nearly $38 million.
- Forty-five percent of students came from other countries, other
states or from outside the Bay Area, bringing new spending to the
local economy that would not have occurred otherwise. Out-of-state
students and students from outside the nine- county Bay Area spent
$102.4 million during the academic year. International students, who
make up 19 percent of the total student population, spent an additional
- A full-time undergraduate student living off-campus spends about
$16,250 on fees, books, room and board, transportation and personal
expenses, during the nine-month academic year.
A complete copy of the economic analysis report is available online
at: www.sfsu.edu/~news/ on
the expert commentary section.
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