Center for California Studies and Special Funds
for California Studies, $461,000
The Center for California Studies is a unit of the CSU whose
mission is to promote understanding of and effective participation
in the political and policy processes that govern the state
of California. Central to this mission is the administration
of the Assembly, Executive, Judicial, and Senate fellows programs
and the LegiSchool Project. The fellows programs provide on-the-job
experience on the policy-making process to 64 fellows who
are studying California government issues at California State
University, Sacramento. At the same time, these students provide
valuable services to the legislative, executive, and judicial
branches of state government. The LegiSchool Project provides
high school students a hands-on opportunity to participate
in legislative debates on issues that directly impact them.
Capital Fellows Programs ($438,000)
The Center for California Studies operates as a public education,
public service, and applied research office of CSU Sacramento
devoted to promoting the understanding of California’s
history, cultures, and public policies. As part of its public
service responsibilities, the center administers the nationally
renowned Capital Fellows programs. The programs include the
California Senate Fellows, the Jesse M. Unruh Assembly Fellows
Program, the Executive Fellows Program, and the Judicial Fellows
Program. Through these programs, 64 fellows are selected to
spend a year working with the California legislative, executive,
or judicial branches of government. Fellows receive a modest
stipend and benefits in exchange for full-time professional
work in state government.
The fellows are enrolled as graduate students (12 units) at
CSU Sacramento and participate in a carefully planned educational
program built around their governmental experience.
The four fellows programs provide the state legislature, executive
branch, and judiciary with individuals that have proven academic
and professional achievements, knowledge of California government,
and a strong commitment to both public and community service.
Fellows serve an 11-month term, providing staff assistance
in the state capitol offices of legislators and legislative
committees; executive branch agencies, departments, boards,
commissions, and constitutional offices; and the California
Judicial Council, the California Administrative Office of
the Courts, and consolidated county courts.
The direct costs of the Capital Fellows programs
consist of stipends, benefits, and student fees for the 64
fellows. There are also operating expenditures associated
with administering the program. Since the fellowship programs
began, an agreement between the CSU and the California Department
of Finance resulted in calculation of the fellowship programs’
operating expenditures budget at 15 percent of the direct
costs. The Center for California Studies 2005/06 budget request
includes a $438,000 increase for Capital Fellows programs
direct and operating costs.
Stipend changes are due to a 4.8 percent increase to comply
with U.S. Department of Labor regulations (White Collar Exemption
Guidelines, Department of Labor, Wage & Hours Division,
29 CFR Part 541, “Defining and Delimiting the Exemptions
for Executive, Administrative, Professional, Outside Sales
& Computer Employees; Final Rule”). Under these
regulations, fellows would have to be considered non-exempt
employees and thus subject to overtime timekeeping and pay.
The nature of the offices in which fellows are placed would
make timekeeping impossible and overtime pay exorbitant. A
4.8 percent increase ($63,000) would allow fellows to continue
as exempt employees.
the cost of benefits has increased since 2002/03, and the
Center for California Studies requests that the ratio of benefits
to salaries be recognized at 24 percent in 2005/06 ($93,000)
versus the benefits to salaries ratio of 18 percent used since
2002/03. Also, the associated operating expenses (15 percent
of direct costs) has increased ($30,000), and the cost to
cover required graduate student fees has increased ($43,000).
Participants in the four Fellow Programs are enrolled as graduate
students at CSU Sacramento. The fellows program budgets have
always included funds to pay required graduate student fees
that for the 2004/05 spring semester is $1,655, whereas only
$982 has been funded. Therefore, the 2005/06 center budget
request includes an additional $673 per fellow to cover the
cost of required graduate student fees.
Lastly, the center’s budget allocation was reduced $253,000
in the Governor’s 2003/04 Budget Act. In 2004/05, $91,000
was restored, leaving a funding gap of $162,000. Also, CSU
Sacramento was required to fund an additional $88,000 gap
to cover 2004/05 center program requirements. The 2005/06
center budget restores the $162,000 and $88,000 funding gaps,
most of which is directed to the Capital Fellows programs
Faculty Research Fellows Program
The Center for California Studies also administers the Faculty
Research Fellows Program (direct and operating costs are incorporated
into the Capital Fellows programs). Since 1994/95, the considerable
faculty and staff resources of the CSU have been made accessible
to either the executive or legislative branches of California
state government through the Faculty Research Fellows Program.
The Faculty Research Fellows Program provides for directed
faculty and staff research, such as research papers requested
by the legislature and/or executive branch agencies, organizing
and participating in conferences, seminars, symposiums, and
similar public services activities.
The direct costs of administering the Faculty Research Fellows
Program are grants awarded to the researching faculty or staff.
Indirect costs are calculated at 20 percent of direct costs
and cover the cost of administering the program and publishing
The LegiSchool Project administered by the center was developed
in 1994 as an educational collaboration between CSU Sacramento
and the California legislature. LegiSchool is an issues-oriented
civics curriculum designed to engage students in discussions
about genuine problems facing the state, encourage critical
thinking skills, and promote the knowledge necessary for effective
citizenship. The mission of LegiSchool is to promote citizenship
in schools by creating opportunities for high school students
to participate in debates with state leaders concerning the
problems affecting California citizens. By focusing on issues
that directly impact students, LegiSchool activities and study
materials increase students’ interest.
LegiSchool curriculum material consists of a unique tape library
and related materials. Each “package” in this
library contains videotaped footage of committee hearings,
public testimony, and floor debates associated with particular
bills recently debated in the legislature, along with articles,
press clippings, reports, and editorials on matters related
to the bills. Another element of the project is an ongoing
series of interactive, televised town hall meetings and press
conferences in which state government officials and high school
students meet face-to-face to discuss current issues and legislation.
These meeting are broadcast live from the state capitol by
the California Channel, which enables students and other interested
citizens throughout the state to participate in the discussion.
Comprehensive study packets are available for classroom use
before and after each televised event.
Prior to fiscal year 1999/2000, the assembly and senate provided
funding for the LegiSchool Project through interagency agreements
with CSU Sacramento. In fiscal year 1999/2000, $125,000 was
included in the CSU Sacramento budget for the LegiSchool Project,
and in fiscal year 2000/01, funding was transferred to the
center budget to cover direct and administrative costs of
the project. In 2002/03, the LegiSchool budget was reduced
to $112,500 from $125,000. The 2005/06 budget request restores
LegiSchool funding to $125,000.
Sacramento Semester Internship Program ($6,000)
The Sacramento Semester Program is an undergraduate internship
program of CSU Sacramento, which each spring semester places
students in a variety of state government and legislative
internship positions in Sacramento. Participants earn six
units in internship credit plus six units in an accompanying
seminar course in state government and politics, which allows
participants to integrate their practical internship experience
with academic work. The Sacramento Semester Program is open
to students from throughout the CSU as well as other universities.
Typically, many alumni of the Sacramento Semester Program
apply to a Capital Fellows program once they graduate. Participation
in the program has declined in recent years. Again, the data
indicate the decline is a function of economics. Most CSU
students pay for their education by holding part- or full-time
employment. Participating in the Sacramento Semester Program
thus demands that students not only move to Sacramento, but
also abandon the very jobs that allow them to attend the university.
The funding provides financial aid to 15 Sacramento Semester
students each year, totaling $3,600 each (i.e., an amount
approximating the fees and room and board for one semester
at CSU Sacramento). This enables more students of limited
economic resources to participate in the Sacramento Semester
Program and, in turn, creates a larger pool for Capital Fellows
program applicants in the future. Administrative overhead
is included and calculated at 15 percent. In 2002/03, the
Sacramento Semester Program was reduced to $56,000 from $62,000.
The 2005/06 budget request restores Sacramento Semester Internship
Program funding level to $62,000.
2005/06 Budget Request Summary
The following table summarizes the Center for California
Studies 2005/06 budget request and increase above the 2004/05
final budget. The $461,000 2005/06 budget increase is comprised
of changes for the Capital Fellows programs ($438,000), LegiSchool
Project ($12,500), Sacramento Semester Internship Program
($6,000), and Center for California–other ($4,500).
Special Funds - Auxiliary Programs
organizations are separate legal entities authorized in the
Education Code to provide essential services to students and
employees. They operate in association with campuses pursuant
to special written agreements and are authorized to perform
specific functions that contribute to the educational mission
of the campus.
CSU auxiliary organizations have been in existence for many
decades as a necessary supplement to state-supported instructional
and administrative activities. The first organization, the
Fresno State College Association, was established in 1922.
Student associations have operated at San José, San
Diego, San Luis Obispo, Chico, Fresno, and other campuses
since the early 1920s. The growth of auxiliary organizations
has paralleled the growth in size and complexity of the CSU.
These organizations are subject to applicable state and federal
laws and regulations. In addition, they operate within the
policies established by the CSU Board of Trustees, the chancellor,
and the campuses. As of the beginning of the 2004 fall term,
there were 86 auxiliary organizations, with one to five per
campus, and three systemwide auxiliary organizations. Most
of these organizations can be grouped into five major functional
- Associated Student Body Organizations: These
are student-run organizations that operate such extracurricular
activities as student government, student newspapers, athletics,
cultural programs, and many other student activities related
to the overall educational mission of the campus.
- Special Educational Projects: These organizations
administer projects that have a direct relationship to the
educational process of the campuses and are funded by numerous
sources. Major sources of support come from federal, state,
and private grants and contracts. Projects are designed
to meet the needs of the program sponsor and campus programs.
- Student Union Operations: Student union fees
collected by the campus are deposited in the Dormitory Revenue
Fund Union account to pay for the principal, interest, and
other costs of the building. Any surpluses remaining from
the student union fees after the bond and other costs are
met may become available to the student union auxiliary
organization to pay operating expenses.
- Commercial Activities: These activities consist
of monthly operation of bookstores, food service, and agricultural
projects. Agrarian activities are particularly important
to campuses offering instruction involving direct experience
with farms, cattle, poultry, etc.
- Development Activities: These organizations primarily
administer programs related to the management of gifts,
bequests, devices, endowments, trusts, and similar funds,
as well as programs related to public relations, fundraising,
fund management, and similar development programs.
The auxiliary organizations must be self-supporting. They
do not receive funding from General Fund sources. They derive
revenue from various non-state sources such as contractual
arrangements (e.g., federal government), general assessments
(e.g., student body fees), and commercial operations (e.g.,
bookstores). Pursuant to existing laws and policies, the materials,
facilities, and services provided by the campus to these separate
entities are paid for by the auxiliary organization. Revenue
in excess of expenditures for a given period is used to establish
working capital and reserves, and to pay for capital expenditures
or special campus programs.
All auxiliary organization financial activity is reported
yearly. Financial reports are audited annually and later incorporated
in the systemwide CSU audited financial statements.
Funds - Parking Program
The parking program provides campus parking facilities as
authorized under the provisions of Section 89701 of the Education
Code. The program itself is self-supporting and derives most
of its revenues from parking fees paid by students, faculty,
staff, and visitors. Additional income is available from interest
on retained earnings. Consistent with CSU objectives for increased
accountability at the campus levels, management of all operations
of the parking program is decentralized to the campus level.
Parking fee revenue is deposited by campus to a campus specific
parking fund, and campuses have the authority to expend those
funds directly. Campus spending of the parking fee revenue
is restricted to the acquisition, construction, and maintenance
of campus parking facilities. Revenues for 2005/06 are projected
to be $64.8 million. The projected revenue will be sufficient
to cover operating expenditures as well as transfers for debt
service payments of bond principal and interest.
To facilitate the trustees’ policy of providing adequate
parking throughout the system at the lowest possible fee,
every effort is made to minimize operating costs. The 2005/06
proposed budget incorporates reimbursements to the General
Fund for supervising and dispatching services provided by
the campuses. Expenditures relating to utilities, communications,
and support services provided by the General Fund are reflected
as direct or indirect costs, as appropriate.
The California State University had a total of 135,700 temporary
and permanent spaces as of July 1, 2004. By the end of 2005/06,
the projected total number of usable parking spaces is 146,294.
Special Funds - Housing Program
The housing program at the CSU provides residential facilities
The State Dormitory Construction Fund was established under
the State Revenue Bond Act of 1947, and bonds were initially
sold to support the construction of campus housing facilities.
In 1957, the legislature approved a residence hall program,
which was financed by both state and federal funds. Today
the Housing Program is a self-supporting program deriving
its revenues primarily from fees collected for the use of
the residence facilities. Funds are used for current operating
expenses, maintenance and repair, improvements to facilities,
and interest and principal payments on outstanding bonds.
After payment of all authorized charges, the balances in any
of these funds remain available for future program expenses.
The 2005/06 Dormitory Revenue Fund system housing design capacity
at the CSU is projected to total 31,478 spaces.
The total projected revenue for fiscal year 2005/06 provides
approximately $156.7 million for housing operations. From
this amount, approximately $41.5 million is used for debt
service for payments of principal and interest on revenue
bonds issued to finance construction of student housing and
Special Funds - Extended and Continuing Education
CSU campuses have maintained Extended and Continuing Education
(self-support) courses, programs, and services for over a
century. Originally grounded in service to teachers, Extended
and Continuing Education operations have grown to include
baccalaureate and graduate degree programs and certificates,
and many forms of specialized education and training for business,
industry, and government. A variety of instructional technologies
including television and Web-based learning carry CSU courses
to local, regional, and national audiences.
and Continuing Education programming is authorized in Section
89704 of the Education Code. In accordance with Education
Code Sections 89704 and 89721(i), revenue collected from extended
education and special session fees may be deposited either
in the State University Continuing Education Revenue Fund
(CERF) in the state treasury or in a local trust account.
While the character and composition of campus Extended and
Continuing Education programs vary considerably, most units
maintain the following common instructional elements: (1)
Special Sessions; (2) Open University/ Concurrent Enrollment;
(3) Extension Operations; and (4) Non-Credit.
Systemwide self-supporting operations are governed and encouraged
by the CSU Board-authorized Commission on the Extended University.
Campus CERF and trust ledgers had a cumulative balance of
$56.3 million at the close of operations on June 30, 2004.