Accessible Technology Initiative (ATI)

"From Where I Sit" Video Series


Glossary

The following definition of terms is provided to clarify how each of the listed terms may be used in this workshop setting.

Academic and Information technology services as used in this context means a centralized department that provides the technology infrastructure for the university.

Accessibility as used in this context means that programs and activities are usable by students with disabilities. In many cases programs and activities may be made accessible through "slight modifications and adjustments in procedures, practices and policies"" (Campbell, 2002, p.10).

Accommodation, as cited by Murphy (2003), "according to Byrnes (2000), is 'an adjustment, to an activity or setting, that removes a barrier presented by a disability so a person can have access equal to that of a person without a disability'" (p.21) (Murphy, p.4).

Americans with Disabilities Act 1990 (ADA) is a law that protects individuals with disabilities against discrimination in employment and public services.

Assistive Technology is technology used by individuals with disabilities in order to perform functions that might otherwise be difficult or impossible.

Compliance for the purpose of this series means meeting the minimum requirements of federal and local laws governing provisions for students with disabilities.

Disabled Student Service Centers are campus-wide centers where students can receive accommodative strategies and other assistive services. DSS professionals can also provide information and assistance to faculty in relation to serving students.

Equal Opportunity is defined in Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act. It is the achievement of accessibility and the provision of accommodations that render an opportunity to be equally effective for students with disabilities as for students without disabilities.

Faculty Development Centers are "campus-wide centers where faculty developers can work with instructors to gather feedback from students, identify resources, and offer suggested practices to meet the changing demographics and different learning needs of students on campus" (Ouellett, 2004, p.136).

Inclusion is a term that describes a set of strategies that enables all students of varying levels of capabilities to participate in the same learning opportunities.

Learning Disability is "a disorder in one or more of the basic psychological processes involved in understanding or in using language, spoken or written, which may manifest itself in imperfect ability to listen, think, speak, read, write, spell or do mathematical calculations" (Walters, 2000, p.xx).

Reasonable Accommodations are defined under Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act as certain adjustments institutions must make to programs and activities to accommodate students with disabilities unless it can be demonstrated that the accommodation would impose an undue hardship on the institution.

Rehabilitation Act of 1973 prohibits federal entities from discriminating against individuals based on disability.

Section 504 of the Rehabilitation Act of 1973, 29 U.S.C. 794, is a "federal statute that guarantees the rights of disabled people to equal opportunity in all programs and activities which receive federal financial assistance" (Walters, 2000, p.xxii).

Universal Design refers to a teaching strategies framework that emphasizes flexibility and custom responses to individual learner differences (CAST, 2005).