This executive order is issued in conformity with Sections
66040 through 66040.7 of the California Education Code and Sections 40050.1,
40100, 40511, and 40512 of Title 5 of the California Code of Regulations. This executive order establishes minimum
requirements, policies, and procedures that shall apply to all Doctor of
Education degree programs offered solely by the California State University (CSU). This
executive order does not address requirements of Doctor of Education programs
offered jointly with other institutions.
Campuses may establish policies in addition to those stated herein.
In accordance with Education Code Section 66040.3 and Title
5 of the California Code of Regulations Section 40050.1, the California State University
is authorized to award the Doctor of Education (Ed.D.) degree in Educational
Leadership. The degree shall be offered
only in the discipline of education and shall focus on the knowledge and skills
needed by administrative leaders for possible service in either California public
elementary and secondary school (P-12) or community college settings.
CSU Ed.D. degree programs shall be offered through
partnerships in which representatives from California public elementary and secondary
schools and community colleges, as appropriate, shall participate substantively
in program design, candidate recruitment and admissions, teaching, dissertation
development, and program assessment and evaluation.
Article 3. Program
Each CSU Ed.D. degree program shall develop a governance
structure, processes, and bylaws that comply with Education Code Section
66040.3 and that allow for substantial and meaningful participation by
Pre-Kindergarten-Grade 12 (P-12) and community college partners as specified in
Articles 2 and 12 of this executive order.
shall include the qualifications, roles, and terms of appointment for core and
affiliated doctoral faculty, as defined in Article 12.1. The bylaws shall also include provisions for
allowing other individuals to undertake educational roles in the Ed.D. program,
pursuant to Articles 12.2 and 12.3.
shall stipulate the appropriate campus authority required for actions specified
in Articles 4.1.e, 4.3, 220.127.116.11, and 9.
Article 4. Admission
4.1 In accordance with Title 5 of the California Code of
Regulations, Section 41020, each campus offering a program leading to a
Doctor of Education degree shall establish requirements for admission to the
program. Admission shall be granted on a
competitive basis; meeting the minimum requirements qualifies an individual for
but does not guarantee admission to the program. Requirements for admission shall apply to all
Ed.D. applicants and shall include, at minimum, the following:
The applicant holds an
acceptable baccalaureate and master’s degree earned at a regionally accredited
institution or institutions, or the applicant has completed equivalent academic
preparation as determined by the appropriate campus authority.
The applicant has
attained a cumulative grade point average of at least 3.0 in upper-division and
graduate study combined.
The applicant was in
good standing at the last institution of higher education attended.
The applicant has
demonstrated sufficient preparation for, experience in, and potential for
educational leadership, including: successful experience in leadership in
school, postsecondary, or community contexts, and/or policy leadership;
academic excellence; problem-solving ability; technological proficiency;
interest in critically assessing current educational policies and practices;
and interest in improving current educational policies and practices. Evidence considered in the admission process
shall include but not be limited to:
1. Graduate Record Examination (GRE) scores from
the three sections of the General Test, taken within five years of applying to
the Ed.D. program;
2. three letters of recommendation attesting to
the leadership and scholarship potential of the applicant;
3. a written statement of purpose reflecting an
understanding of the challenges facing the public schools or community colleges
4. a personal interview; and either
a statement from the
applicant’s employer, indicating support for the applicant’s doctoral studies;
a statement from the
applicant, describing the applicant’s plan for meeting professional
responsibilities and the demands of the program.
applicant shall meet any additional requirements prescribed by the appropriate
campus authority identified in the program bylaws.
Applicants who have met all admission criteria and who have
been recommended by the program for admission shall be placed in classified
An applicant who does not qualify for admission under the
provisions of Article 4.1 may be admitted with classified graduate standing by
special action if on the basis of acceptable evidence the applicant is judged
by the appropriate campus authority to possess sufficient academic and
professional potential pertinent to educational leadership. The number of applicants admitted by special
action shall not exceed fifteen percent of the applicants regularly admitted to
the program in any one academic year.
Conditionally Classified Graduate Standing
An applicant who is ineligible under the provisions in
Article 4.1 because of deficiencies in prerequisite preparation that in the
opinion of the program faculty can be rectified by specified additional
preparation, including examinations, may be admitted with conditionally
classified graduate standing. The
student shall be granted classified graduate standing upon rectification of the
5.1 CSU Ed.D. degree programs shall enable
professionals working full time to earn the degree within three calendar years
(including fall through spring terms and summer study).
CSU Ed.D. programs shall have a
cohort structure whose curriculum shall balance research, theory, and practice,
including field experiences.
Student work in
support of the dissertation shall be embedded throughout the Ed.D. curriculum.
5.4 All Ed.D. programs shall include a core curriculum
providing professional preparation for leadership, including but not limited to
theory and research methods, the structure and culture of educational institutions,
leadership in curriculum and instruction, equity, and assessment. Campuses developing Ed.D. programs shall be
expected to integrate core educational leadership program concepts when
designing the curriculum. Core
educational leadership concepts are identified in Addendum A.
To be eligible for the Doctor of Education degree, the
candidate shall have completed a program of study, including examinations and a
dissertation, that is both consistent with the requirements specified within
this executive order and approved by the appropriate campus authority. Examination and dissertation requirements are
specified in Article 7. Each campus
shall establish policies and procedures for creating and amending a student’s
plan of study and shall disseminate them in its Ed.D. program student handbook
or manual, pursuant to subdivision j of Article 11.3.
A grade point average of 3.0
(grade of B) or better shall have been earned in the coursework taken to
satisfy the requirements for the degree, except that a course for which no
letter grade is assigned shall not be used in computing the grade point
6.1.2 Unit Requirements
The program of study shall be
composed of at least 60 semester units earned in graduate standing and is
expected not to exceed 60 required semester units earned in graduate
standing. At least 48 semester units
required for the degree shall be in courses organized primarily for doctoral
students, and the remaining units required for the degree shall be in courses
organized primarily for master’s and doctoral students. Not more than 12 semester dissertation
credits shall be applied toward the degree program requirements.
6.2 Academic Residence
At least 42 semester units shall be completed in residence
at the campus or campuses awarding the degree.
The appropriate campus authority may authorize the substitution of
credit earned by alternate means for part of this residence requirement.
The Ed.D. program shall establish a policy allowing
transfer of units earned in relevant graduate coursework. At a minimum the policy shall require that:
the student was
matriculated in the graduate program within which the coursework was completed,
the graduate program
was appropriately accredited at the time the coursework was completed.
for Variance in Academic Requirements
Each Ed.D. degree program shall establish and implement
policies regarding student petitions for variance in academic
requirements. Student handbooks or
manuals shall specify policies and procedures by which a student may petition
for a variance in academic requirements.
Article 7. Ed.D.
Program Student Examinations and Dissertation
7.1 Ed.D. degree conferral shall require
successful completion of three major examinations and a dissertation. Students shall be required to pass each major
examination within two attempts.
7.1.1 The qualifying
examination shall include a rigorous written assessment of student knowledge;
the examination must be passed prior to the student’s advancement to
candidacy. Policy governing qualifying
examinations appears in Article 7.2.
7.1.2 The dissertation
proposal examination shall evaluate the candidate’s readiness to proceed
with the dissertation research. Passing
this examination shall constitute formal approval for the candidate to proceed
with the proposed dissertation research, subject to Institutional Review Board
approval as necessary. Policies
governing dissertation proposals and dissertation proposal examinations appear
in Articles 7.3.4 and 7.3.5.
7.1.3 The dissertation shall be the written
product of systematic, rigorous research on a significant educational
issue. Policy governing dissertations
appears in Article 7.3.
The final examination shall be an oral
defense of the candidate’s dissertation.
content of the qualifying examination shall be determined by the members of the Ed.D. program faculty.
qualifying examination shall be administered at a time in the program sequence
when the student’s mastery of essential elements of the core leadership and
methodological concepts can be fairly evaluated and when the student is
considered ready to begin formal dissertation research.
of the Qualifying Examination Committee
qualifying examination committee shall evaluate student performance on the
examination. Unanimous agreement of the
qualifying examination committee is required for the candidate to pass the
the Qualifying Examination Committee
The qualifying examination committee shall have a minimum
of three members, including the chair.
The qualifying examination committee chair shall be a tenured or tenure-track
faculty member of the campus administering the Ed.D. program and except in
special cases shall be a member of the Ed.D. program faculty. Special cases shall be reviewed and decided
by the core doctoral faculty. At least
two members of the committee shall be members of the Ed.D. program faculty
whose primary affiliation is with the CSU
campus administering the Ed.D. program, at least one of whom shall be a member
of the core doctoral faculty as defined in Article 12. The committee may include a member who holds
an appropriate professional position in a P-12 institution, a community
college, or another postsecondary educational institution.
Proposal Examination, Dissertation, and Final Examination
In accordance with Section 40511 of Title 5 of the California
Code of Regulations, CSU Ed.D.
programs shall require the completion of a dissertation conforming to the
following minimum criteria:
The dissertation shall
be the written product of systematic, rigorous research on a significant
educational issue and in accordance with a proposal that has been approved
pursuant to Articles 7.3.4 and 7.3.5.
The dissertation is expected to contribute to an improvement in public
P-12 or community college professional practices or policy, generally or in the
context of a particular educational institution. It shall evidence originality, critical and
independent thinking, appropriate form and organization, and a rationale for
the research problem examined.
The dissertation shall
identify the research problem and question(s), state the major theoretical
perspectives, explain the significance of the undertaking, relate it to the
relevant scholarly and professional literature, set forth the appropriate
sources for and methods of gathering and analyzing the data, and offer a
conclusion or recommendation. It shall
include a written abstract that summarizes the significance of the work,
objectives, methodology, and a conclusion or recommendation.
students to complete work in support of the dissertation shall be embedded
throughout the Ed.D. curriculum.
of the Dissertation Committee
dissertation committee shall provide guidance and supervision for development
and completion of the dissertation.
of the Dissertation Committee
dissertation committee shall have a minimum of three voting members, including
the chair, and all committee members shall have appropriate expertise in
educational practice or policy. The
committee shall include at least two tenured or tenure-track faculty members of
the CSU campus administering the
Ed.D. program, and at least one member who is primarily affiliated with a
California P-12 institution or community college. The tenured or tenure-track faculty members
shall be drawn from the core doctoral faculty or affiliated doctoral faculty,
as defined in Article 12.1, or shall meet the standards of Article 12.2.1. The campus program director may approve an
exception to the membership criteria stated above, pursuant to Article 12.2.2
or Article 12.2.3, if the individual nominated has expertise particularly
relevant to the candidate’s dissertation research.
The dissertation committee chair shall provide primary
supervision for dissertation research.
The chair shall be a tenured or tenure-track faculty member on the
campus administering the Ed.D. program, and in most cases shall be a member of the core doctoral faculty, as
defined in Article 12.1.1. Special
circumstances may arise in which a tenured or tenure-track faculty member who
is from the campus but who is not a member of the core doctoral faculty may
serve as the dissertation committee chair if such service is approved by the
core doctoral faculty in accordance with program procedures.
Appointment of Dissertation Committee
The student and advisor together shall propose the
membership of the student’s dissertation committee. The proposed membership shall be forwarded to and determined by the campus official
authorized to approve composition of the committee.
The Ed.D. program director may allow the replacement of a
committee member, based on the evaluation of a rationale provided by the
student or committee member making the request.
Institutional Review Board Approval
Appropriate Institutional Review Board (IRB) approval shall
be obtained to conduct any research involving human subjects. Failure to obtain required IRB approval prior
to collection of data on human subjects may disqualify a student from further
use of those data. The dissertation committee chair shall advise the student
regarding human subjects review requirements and compliance with IRB
A student shall submit a dissertation
proposal for approval, following the procedures and format established by the
Ed.D. program faculty and the campus.
The dissertation proposal shall contain, at a minimum, a description of
the problem, a review of the relevant literature, a statement of the research
question, and a description of the research methodology. The proposal shall contain either:
research documents that have been submitted to the Institutional Review Board
regarding the proposed dissertation research or
pertaining to human subjects research that have been completed but not yet
submitted to the Institutional Review Board.
18.104.22.168 Function and Membership of the Dissertation Proposal
The dissertation proposal examination shall be conducted by
a three-member dissertation proposal committee, all of whom shall have
appropriate expertise in educational practice or policy. The membership shall include two tenured or
tenure-track faculty members from the CSU
campus administering the Ed.D. program and at least one member who is primarily
affiliated with a California P-12 institution or community college. The dissertation proposal committee shall
review the dissertation proposal. The
committee may require that the student present the proposal orally to the
committee and respond to committee members’ questions about the proposal.
22.214.171.124 Decision of the Dissertation Proposal Committee
The dissertation proposal committee shall communicate
formally its decision in writing to the student, indicating approval, approval
with modifications, or lack of approval.
In order for the student to proceed with the formal conduct of the
dissertation research, the student shall have received written approval of the
proposal by the dissertation proposal committee and written Institutional
Review Board notification that human subjects review requirements have been
126.96.36.199 Resubmission of a Dissertation Proposal
If the dissertation proposal committee decision is
“approval with modifications” or “lack of approval,” the committee shall
communicate to the student in writing the process and expectations for
resubmission. The committee shall review
the revised and resubmitted proposal and communicate to the student in writing
the committee’s decision.
Examination: Oral Defense of
The final examination shall be an
oral defense of the dissertation, administered by the dissertation
committee. Approval of the dissertation
and recommendation that the Ed.D. degree be conferred shall require unanimous
agreement of the dissertation committee.
In the event that the committee requires substantive changes to the
dissertation, the final vote of the committee will be postponed until the
changes are completed.
7.3.7 Submission of
the Approved Dissertation
The student shall be required, after successful completion
of the final examination and approval of the dissertation, to submit the
approved dissertation to the appropriate campus entity in conformity with
campus policy. The dissertation format
shall conform to campus requirements for dissertation manuscripts. For the degree to be conferred in a
particular term, the dissertation shall be submitted by the deadline specified
by the program and campus.
Article 8. Satisfactory
Each Ed.D. student shall be required to maintain
satisfactory progress toward degree conferral.
Consistent with the cohort structure of the program, the student shall
be expected to complete satisfactorily all courses and examinations and shall
be expected to advance to candidacy within the time frame specified by the
Ed.D. program faculty.
accordance with campus policy, the Ed.D. program faculty and the campus shall
establish criteria for satisfactory progress in the program. The criteria shall include, at a minimum, the
a. The student
shall maintain at least a 3.0 cumulative grade point average in the program.
b. The student
shall not have earned a grade point average below 3.0 in any two successive
The Ed.D. program shall establish a policy regarding
credit/no credit in graduate work conducted toward satisfaction of degree
A student who falls below a 3.0 grade point average in any
one term shall be placed on academic probation and notified of this placement
A student who fails to make satisfactory progress may be
officially disqualified from the program based on the recommendation of the
Ed.D. program faculty, in accordance with policies and procedures established
by the campus.
8.4.1 A student may be disqualified only after a
thorough review of the case, including appropriate consultation and submission
of a written recommendation by the Ed.D. program faculty. The student shall be notified in writing of
the disqualification. The student shall
have the opportunity to appeal the decision.
8.4.2 A student who has been disqualified from the
Ed.D. program shall not be allowed to enroll in doctoral-level courses in the
program or otherwise continue in the Ed.D. program without formal
re-application and re-admission.
Advancement to Candidacy
For advancement to candidacy for the Ed.D. the student
shall have achieved classified graduate standing, successfully completed a
qualifying examination pursuant to Article 7, and met such particular
requirements as the appropriate campus authority may prescribe. The total time from achievement of classified
standing to qualifying examination and advancement to candidacy shall not
exceed three years unless there are mitigating circumstances and the program
faculty members have approved the extension.
An extension shall not exceed one year.
Time To Degree
10.1 While the Ed.D. program
shall be designed to allow completion of all requirements within three years,
the student shall have completed all requirements for the degree within five
years of achieving classified standing in the doctoral program. The appropriate campus authority, consistent
with campus policy, may extend by up to two years the time allowed for
completion of the requirements under the following circumstances:
the student is in good
the extension is
warranted by compelling individual circumstances, and
demonstrates current knowledge of research and practice in educational
leadership, as required by the campus.
faculty shall establish, in conformity with campus policy, criteria for
granting further extension, which may be granted under special
circumstances. The criteria shall
include, at a minimum, the conditions (a), (b), and (c) in the paragraph above.
10.3 During a period of
extension, the Ed.D. program faculty shall determine at the conclusion of each
term in which a student is enrolled whether the student has made satisfactory
Article 11. Doctoral
Advising and Mentoring
Objectives appear below for advising, which is primarily an
academic activity, and mentoring, for which the focus is on professional
Advising shall be arranged by the Ed.D. program and
conducted by campus faculty members to address:
well-planned and efficient Ed.D. course of study that can be completed within
three years by a working professional; and
doctoral culture typified by:
discussion and dialogue that fosters embedding of dissertation research within
each component of the curriculum,
supervision of Ed.D. candidates in the conduct of rigorous dissertation
information that foster professional development, and
behalf of students and their academic needs.
Mentoring shall be arranged by the Ed.D. program to
and enhancing professional experiences that foster leadership knowledge and
guidance and modeling to assist students as they apply what is learned in
coursework toward improving public schools or community colleges, and
informal assessment and feedback designed to enhance student reflection on
educational leadership and reform.
11.2 Each campus offering a
Doctor of Education degree program shall establish and implement advising
policies and mentoring policies designed to enhance the academic and
professional development of students in the program. Policies shall address but are not limited
advising, roles of faculty advisors, assignment of faculty advisors (including
the student role in assigning faculty advisors), and advising responsibilities
of dissertation committee chairs; and
mentoring, roles and qualifications of mentors, orientation and training of
mentors, and assigning mentors.
11.3 Each campus offering an
Ed.D. program shall create and provide to all students enrolled in that program
a student manual or handbook detailing, at a minimum, the following:
professional ethics and academic integrity;
Forms to be completed
by students in the course of the degree program;
The program of study
required for the degree (see Article 5.2);
admission with classified standing (see Article 4.24);
requirements (see Article 6.2);
Policies on student
fees and financial aid;
advising and mentoring (see Article 11);
procedures for establishing and amending a plan of study (see Article 6.1);
Policies on the
transfer of credit earned at other institutions (see Article 6.3);
procedures for the formation of a committee for administering a qualifying
examination (if the qualifying examination is unique to the individual student)
(see Articles 7.2.3 to 7.2.4);
advancement to candidacy (see Article 9);
procedures for the formation of a committee for supervising a dissertation (see
requirements (see Article 7.3.1 and Articles 7.3.3 through 7.3.7);
Requirements for field
experience embedded in the program, if applicable (see Article 5.2);
satisfactory progress in the program (see Article 8);
procedures for petitioning for a variance in academic requirements (see Article
Policies on extension
of time for completion of degree requirements (see Article 10);
Policies on academic
probation and disqualification (see Articles 8.3 and 8.4);
procedures for obtaining a leave of absence or for withdrawing from the
procedures regarding student grievances;
Policies on harassment
The names and areas of
expertise of faculty members affiliated with the degree program.
Ed.D. programs shall include core doctoral faculty and affiliated
doctoral faculty. Core doctoral and
affiliated doctoral faculty shall have distinct qualifications, roles, and
responsibilities, as specified below and in the program bylaws.
12.1.1 Core Doctoral Faculty
Definition and Roles
The term core doctoral
faculty refers only to those campus faculty members who have disciplinary
expertise and a scholarly record relevant to leadership in P-12 or community
college education. They are eligible to
serve in all of the Ed.D. faculty roles: as primary doctoral course
instructors, members of qualifying examination committees and dissertation
committees, advisors and mentors to doctoral students, chairs of examination
and dissertation committees, and members of Doctor of Education degree program
governance groups. Core doctoral faculty
members are expected to teach courses on a regular basis, serve on and chair
student examination and dissertation committees, be available to act as faculty
advisors, and be willing to participate in the governance of the program. This group shall include individuals from a
number of relevant academic units on the campus administering the program.
Core doctoral faculty members shall be appointed in accordance
with procedures specified in the program bylaws. The procedures shall include submission and
review of academic and professional qualifications.
Appointment and renewal of
appointment as a core doctoral faculty member are dependent upon demonstrated
currency in the area of scholarship related to the program. To be
appointed to the core doctoral faculty, a faculty member shall in most cases
meet the following criteria:
a. have expertise in
theory, research, policy, or practice related to P-12 or community college
b. exhibit a strong
professional record of scholarly publication pertinent to educational
leadership or to the theoretical or methodological underpinnings thereof;
c. have earned a doctoral
degree in an appropriate discipline from an accredited institution of higher education;
d. be tenured or have a
e. have teaching experience
at the graduate level; and
have demonstrated ability to
direct others in research activities, including master’s theses or doctoral
Term of Appointment
as a core doctoral faculty member in the Ed.D. program shall be for a term that
conforms to appointment and reappointment procedures for tenure-track faculty
at the campus. A term of appointment
shall not exceed five years. The program
bylaws shall specify procedures for renewing appointments to the core doctoral
12.1.2 Affiliated Doctoral Faculty
Definition and Roles
The term affiliated doctoral
faculty refers to additional faculty members who have disciplinary
expertise or significant experience related to the Ed.D. program and leadership
in P-12 or community college education.
The affiliated doctoral faculty is comprised of:
tenured or tenure-track
faculty members on the campus who are not members of the core doctoral faculty
other faculty members with
specific expertise pertinent to educational leadership, including individuals
who have expertise and experience relevant to issues of educational leadership
addressed in the Ed.D. program and who are currently or who have recently been
employed by a P-12 or community college partner.
Affiliated doctoral faculty members may teach in the doctoral
program and serve as mentors and members of student examination and
dissertation committees. They are
expected to be willing to participate in the governance of the program as
specified in the program bylaws.
Affiliated doctoral faculty members are not ordinarily the primary
instructors within the core of the Ed.D. program of study. However, those affiliated doctoral faculty
who are tenured or on the tenure track may teach graduate courses relevant to
educational leadership in which Ed.D. students may enroll as approved by the
Ed.D. program faculty. Affiliated
doctoral faculty members may also propose specialized courses in which Ed.D. students and other graduate
students may enroll.
Affiliated doctoral faculty who are experienced
practitioners in P-12 or community college education will typically be
appointed as lecturers. Affiliated
doctoral faculty may teach or co-teach program courses. Service as members of Ed.D. examination or
dissertation committees shall require special approval as specified in the
Affiliated doctoral faculty members shall be appointed in
accordance with procedures specified in the program bylaws. The procedures shall include submission and
review of qualifications. Appointment
and renewal of appointment as an affiliated doctoral faculty member is
dependent upon demonstrated currency in the areas of expertise and experience
related to the program.
To be appointed to the affiliated doctoral faculty, a faculty
member shall in all but exceptional cases meet the following criteria:
relevant to the program,
have earned a relevant
doctoral degree from an accredited institution of higher education, and
be a tenured or
tenure-track campus faculty member or be recommended by a P-12 or community
college partner in the program.
188.8.131.52 Term of Appointment
Appointment as an affiliated
doctoral faculty member in the Ed.D. program shall be for a term that conforms
with appointment and reappointment procedures for lecturers. A term of appointment shall not exceed three
years. The program bylaws shall specify
procedures for renewing appointments to the affiliated doctoral faculty.
Appointment and renewal of
appointment as a core doctoral faculty member are dependent upon demonstrated
currency in the area of scholarship related to the program.
12.2 Other Faculty
Other Faculty from the Campus Offering
Faculty members who are not core or affiliated doctoral
faculty but who hold tenured or tenure-track appointments on the campus may
teach or co-teach Ed.D. courses or may serve as members of Ed.D. dissertation
committees. Such individuals must have
earned a relevant doctoral degree and have pertinent scholarly expertise. Service as a member of an Ed.D. dissertation
committee must be recommended by the Ed.D. core doctoral faculty and be
approved in accordance with campus policy and procedures governing graduate
Faculty from Other California State
affiliated primarily with other California
campuses may teach or otherwise serve in the program, subject to rules and
regulations governing such activity.
These faculty members may serve as members of Ed.D. examination or
dissertation committees under the following conditions:
the faculty member
meets the criteria for committee membership, and
is approved in accordance with campus policy and procedures
governing graduate study; and
the faculty member’s
participation has been requested by the candidate and the candidate’s advisor,
or the faculty member has been recommended by the Ed.D. program faculty.
Educational Researchers and Faculty from Other Institutions
Educational researchers who are affiliated with centers or
institutes and who have particular expertise in educational leadership, and
faculty members affiliated primarily with the University of California
or independent universities may be invited to teach or otherwise serve in the
Ed.D. program. Those individuals who
meet the criteria for committee membership may serve on Ed.D. examination or
dissertation committees if recommended by the program faculty and approved in
accordance with campus policy and procedures governing graduate study.
Procedures To Allow for Additional Faculty Roles Under Special
There may arise special circumstances in which the Ed.D.
program faculty determine that it would benefit the program for an
exceptionally qualified individual to undertake a role for which the foregoing
articles do not provide. The Ed.D.
program bylaws shall specify conditions under which such appointments may be
made, the procedures for making such appointments, and the formal approval
mechanisms that shall govern them.